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Ramesseum Temple

The Ramesseum , the mortuary Temple of Ramesses II lies south of El-Sheikh-Abdel-Qurna hill . In spite of the mutilation it has suffered , it still is an impressive structure . Like all the mortuary temples in the 14th Dynasty , it is dedicated to the cult of the dead king and that of Amun .

Te huge complex of remains includes not only the temple itself but a royal palace , a mortuary temple built by SETI I and several ranges of store rooms all these buildings were enclosed within a rectangular area of 260 meters x 170 meters surrounded by a brick wall . This large pylon measures 67 meters from side to side . It has no decoration on the outside , but its inner walls are covered with carvings representing Ramesses II’S campaigns in Syria , his expeditions against the Hittites in particular .

The pylon forms the eastern side of the ruined first court . On the southern side is a double colonnade which formed a facade of the royal palace . On the northern side , there is a range of Osiris side pillars , on the western side , there is a staircase leading up to the second court . This court was probably flanked by two colossal statues of Ramesses II . One of them remains lying in fragments on the ground . The granite statue representing the king in a seated position was more than 17 meters high weighed over 1000……

The great hypostyle hall had 48 columns of which only 29 are still standing they were arranged in 8 rows . The central aisle is higher than the lateral aisles . As it did at Karnak , the height of the central aisle allowed window opening to let light into the hall .

The ceiling was decorated with vultures above the central aisle , and with yellow stars and blue ground above the lateral aisles . The walls and columns were decorated with carvings of various subjects . The doorway in the west leads tho the first hall with 8 small papyrus bad Columns supporting the ceiling which still has its astronomical representation At the rear on both sides of the doorway , there is a procession of the sacred boat of Amun , Mut , and Khonsu .

On the western wall , there is a scene depicting the king sitting under the sacred tree of Heliopolis . On its leaves , the names of the king are being written by Atum , Seshat and Thot . Beyond this is the second small hall with only four of its original eight columns . Nothing is left in most of the shrine which lay beyond this hall . Between the temple and the enclosing wall are remains of storerooms built of mud brick with characteristic vaulted structure .

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