We can’t judge the real age for the great pyramid , but a lot of archaeological research and archaeological discoveries say ” the great pyramid dates back to the reign of king Khofu from the 4th Dynasty ” , we can’t say also that the great pyramid was built to bury the king’s body or as a royal tomb , but for the great pyramid another secret and another using built for it .
The discoveries say that the great pyramid was an astronomical observatory of the motion of plants and the stars as well as energy-generating plants .
It was 2560 BC , where the king ordered to collect thousands of workers from all over Egypt to build the pyramid , they cut the huge stones to begin building the great pyramid , the stones of the pyramid were cut from the mountain of the chain in southern of Egypt , and they brought to the north by Nile boats and palm leaves by the desert .
Construction of the pyramid continued for 20 years and hundreds thousands of Egyptian workers participated in the construction . The great pyramid is one of the wonders of the ancient world , and still hides behind it many secrets .
The History of the Pyramid….
The great pyramid dates back to the reign of king “Khofu ” from the 4th Dynasty in 2560 BC .
The Location Of the Pyramid….
The great pyramid located in Giza Governorate south of Cairo .
The description of The Great Pyramid……
The great pyramid is one of the wonders of the ancient world , built by king Khofu , the king ordered his architect “Hem-Ieno” to create the pyramid , The great pyramid named “Akht-Khofu” meaning “sykline of Khofu” that mean the horizon that will ride the god Ra the solar boats to the skyline .
The great pyramid contains on 2.3 million stone block , the weight of one block is 2 to 70 tons , these stones were placed on top of each other in a way that overlapped and emptied the air , the height of the pyramid is 148 meters above the surface of the land , with four sides representing the original directions ” North , South , West , East” , the length of the base of the pyramid swallows 228 meters , the pyramid occupies an area of 13 acres , the total size of the pyramid is 2.5 million cobic meters .
The great pyramid was covered with as smooth layer of white limestone and this smooth layer was reflection the light , but because an old earthquake hit the area fell this layer , and on the top of the pyramid was a small pyramid of gold but is not found now .
The original entrance for the great pyramid …. at a height of 17 meters from the surface of the earth , and located in the northern side of the pyramid , on the top of the entrance corridor there is two layer of huge rocks in the form of a triangular , the thickness of each one of them 2 meters , and this corridor reach to the bottom of the pyramid , and the entrance was covered with stone blocks like all the pyramid to camouflage and conceal his treasures .
The current entrance to the pyramid is a tunnel.…. ordered the Caliph ” Elmaamon” to dig it in 820 AD , this entrance extends at a distance 27 meters inside the pyramid .
Downhill Corridor... its width is 1.09 meters and its height is 1.20 meters , it is tilted down at an angle 26* and 34 meters inside the pyramid , where it meet the ascending path after 28 meters from its beginning , after reaching the depth of the pyramid floor it continues to descend about 70 meters , in the ground of the rocky pyramid , thus reaching a full length of 105 meters at a depth of 30 meters under te pyramid , and then extends 9 meters horizontally to reach the rocky chamber .
The Horizontal corridor of the Queen’s chamber…. at the beginning of the ascending corridor to the large lobby there is a 38 meters horizontal corridor leads to the Queen’s chamber , the width of this corridor is 10.05 meters and its higher is 1.17 meters .
The Queen’s Chamber…. located in the middle distance between the northern side and the southern side of the pyramid , the dimensions of the chamber is 5.75 meters from the north to the south , and 5.23 meters from the west to the east and it is lined with the white limestone and it has a cap on a semicircular form its higher is 6.23 meters , and this chamber it was the first chamber built in the pyramid .
The Rocky chamber Underground…..located in the end of the downhill corridor and is not finished till now , and also there is the ventilation tunnel its job is get the priests out of the pyramid after bury the king , and this tunnel reach between the large lobby and the downhill corridor .
The ascending Corridor…..its higher is 1.2 meters and its width is 1.05 meters and reach to the large lobby after 37.7 meters .
The Large Lobby…..extends a long the ascending corridor , and its width is twice the width of the corridor and its ceiling is higher more than the higher of corridor . There is also a corridor connecting the large lobby with the king’s chamber , its length 6.85 meters , and its area is 1.25*1.11 meters .
The King’s Chamber…. the dimensions of the king’s chamber 10.47 meters from the east to the west and 5.23 meters from the south to the north , and its height is 5.974 meters , there are also two openings in the chamber at height .91 meters one one the northern wall and one on the southern wall , these openings connecting with a two tunnels reach to the roof of the pyramid and its go the the stars in the southern and the northern sky , and this openings made for religious purposes to directing the spirit of the king to the heaven .
On the west of the king’s chamber there granite coffin for the king , the size of the coffin is ” 2.28*.99*1.05″ meters , its not allow to move its too big for this they put it before they built the walls and the ceilings .
On the top of the king’s chamber there is five chambers above of each other and the purpose of these chamber to lose weight on the king’s chamber , and they found hieroglyphic writings demonstrate the system of work and construction in the pyramid .
1- The original Entrance .
2-The Current Entrance .
3-A bridge between the descending passageway and ascending passageway .
4-Downhill corridor .
5-The Rocky chamber .
6-Ascending corridor .
7-The Queen’s Chamber .
8-Horizontal Corridor .
9-Large Lobby .
10-The king’s Chamber .
11- A lobby to bring the Coffin and the Rocks to closing the King’s Chamber .
The Archaeological Collection Around The Great Pyramid.
The Funerary Temple…it was built in middle of the eastern side of the pyramid , the distance between the temple and the pyramid is 10 meters , the length of the temple 52.50 meters and its width is 40.30 meters , leaving only the floor which covered with basalt stones and remains of columns and statues , and there is also some inscriptions expressing ” SED feast “and ” White Hippo feast ” and other inscriptions , and there is also residual sewage system on the ground for the drainage of rainwater .
And they found also remains of Valley temple and the road that reach to it from the funerary temple . And also they found around the great pyramid the remains of a wall that surrounded the pyramid from the four sides . And there is tombs on the eastern side of the pyramid for the family of the king , and from the western side there is tombs for ministers of the King .
The Pyramids of The Queens….. in the east on 56 meters from the great pyramid there are three pyramids for the Queens from the north to the south , and the three pyramids were out of the wall that surrounded the pyramid .
And they found also around the pyramid on 7 excavators for the solar boats , five for the great pyramid for the king and two for the pyramids for the Queens .