Esna is a major city and center in Luxor , 55 Km south of Luxor on the west bank of the Nile . Esna had a lot of names before “Iyunet , Ta-sent , Latubulis. “
The Temple of Esna was built in the Ptolemaic style , which was built by “Patlimus VII ” and continued to be built during the Roman times under the ruled of Emperors ” Claudius and Marcus Aurelius ” .
The temple was dedicated to the worship of the god “KHENOM” which takes the human body and the head of Ram .
The Description of The Temple …….
The temple is located at a level of 10 meters below the streets surrounding it , and the temple has not been fully revealed and many parts of it still buried under the ground .
The of Esna is one of the most beautiful temples in Egypt , which is preserved in its beauty , it is a temple that has a roof and is characterized by the beauty of its columns and beautiful bright and there are texts on the walls talk about the secrets of life , in the vicinity of the temple are some statues and tombs of the Pharaohs .
The temple is a rectangular hall with an architectural-style facade for the construction of ancient Egyptian temples in the Greek and Roman times. Its roof holds 24 cylinders, 13 m high and is decorated with reliefs with various floral motifs.
This hall is considered one of the most beautiful columns in Egypt in general, in terms of similar proportions and the manner of carving capitals and columns in a good state of preservation. The facade of the temple is characterized by semicircular walls and the secrets of the rituals that were performed within it. Internal and external records of each record of a complete integrated landscape.
The Most Important Scenes In The Temple….
The temple begins with an architectural facade of late times known as the connected columns or the mid-walls. The southern part of the facade is decorated with the appearance of the emperor Titus in a pharaonic form of his palace carrying the divine symbols of the god “Khenom-Thoth-Horus-Anubis” Followed by a scene depicting the process of cleansing the emperor by the gods Horus – the vessels of cleansing and signs of life in front of the god of Khnum and then the view of the leadership of the north and south of the emperor to the temple, and the northern side of the emperor’s crowning scenes.
In the western front of the entrance to the ancient temple is the view of the god Khnum with the head of a ram and the body of a human being in the divine disk , meaning he is protecting from the god RA .
In the southern part of the western facade is the view of King Ptolemy, the founder of the temple in Pharaonic form. He presents the symbol of the god Khnum, the god of the temple. Next to him is a picture of his wife Cleopatra in a royal cartouche.
In the southern part of the western facade is the view of King Ptolemy, the founder of the temple with a pharaonic authority. He presents the symbol of the god Khnum, the god of the temple. Next to him is a picture of his wife Cleopatra, inside cartouche.