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“Herodotus” in the fifth century BC. described three key steps in the embalming process.

1-Removal of the brains through the nostril.

2-Extraction of the viscera through an incision in the flank .

3-Anointing the interior of the body and re-closing it.

After these three steps were taken, the body was usually covered with natron, cleaned, dried and wrapped in linen. Jewelery and amulets were put under the wrappings. The eyes were filled with plugs of material and the nostrils closed with resin. The body of the body was wrapped in linen and placed inside oven Canopic jars. The word Canopic comes from the Greek pilot Canopic, who was thought to be in a swollen body. The earlier mummies always had a vertical incision on the left side, but the cut in the body of “THOTMOSES III” of 18th Dynasty was made lower down.

Canopic jars

The royal mummies during the time of “THUTMOSES II” had their arms extended, but the general custom of placing on the chest continued until the end of the 20th Dynasty. The higher standard of mummification has been maintained throughout the New kingdom. Although a new technique was developed in the 26th Dynasty, packing the body with resin. fat, soda sawdust, mud and sand were all used. The cavity of the corpse was protected by images of the oven sounds of Horus. In the Ptolemaic period, it was used, but it rendered the body of the body.

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