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The Lighthouse of Alexandria or Pharos ” as it was called ” relative to the island of pharos , which established the lighthouse , which considered one of the wonders of the ancient world , it is the current location of ” Qaitbay” castle .

Built during the reign of Ptolemy II in 280 B.C , by the architectural “Sustratos ” it was about 120 meters high , and it was one of the largest buildings at this time .

The Lighthouse it has four floors , the first floor it was square base had a lot of windows , and contain around 300 rooms for the workers and their families , the second floor it was octagonal ribs , the third floor it was circular building and in the last floor it has the lantern , which was the main source of the light , at the top of the fourth floor there was a statue of “Isis Varia ” the Goddess of the Lighthouse .

The light of the Lighthouse it was very strong , the traveler sees it at 300 lbs in the sea , during the day the lighthouse has metal mirror alert the ships for the coast before appearing at sight it acts as a reflection of the sun .

The old Arab traveler “Ibn Jubair ” said that the light of the Lighthouse it seen about 70 miles from the Sea .

The entrance and exit from the Lighthouse was from a spiral corridor inside it , but the fuel was up to the top through a hydraulic system .

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The Lighthouse was destroyed in 1303 AD , in the reign of Sultan ” Elnaser Mohamed Ibn Qalaoun ” , the impact of an earthquake hit the eastern Mediterranean Sea and destroyed the Lighthouse and destroyed the old city also .

The remains of the Lighthouse sank in the sea , and when the Sultan ” Elashraf Qaitbay ” visited Alexandria ordered to build castle on the ruins of The lighthouse , named “Qaitbay Castle ” .

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